A Chemical Pregnancy is the Medical Term for a Very Early Miscarriage which occurs shortly after implantaion. A Woman may find out she is pregnant using Home Pregnancy Tests or HCG Blood Tests few days before her period is due, but unfortunately, miscarriage occurs before a gestational sac/ heartbeat is seen through ultrasound.
When the pregnancy develops to the point that ultrasound could confirm the existence of the pregnancy, the term becomes Clinical Pregnancy. Thus, a chemical pregnancy would be a miscarriage before the fifth week of gestation — or within about a week after your missed menstrual period. Many chemical pregnancies are discovered today that would otherwise have gone undetected due to the ultra sensitive pregnancy tests on the market, which make it easier to get a positive result 3 or 4 days before a woman’s period is due. Most chemical pregnancies go undetected because many women assume their period was just a few days late though it may have been unusually heavy and sometimes accompanied by small blood clots and unusual cramping.
Blood Tests (Beta HCG) can often confirm a chemical pregnancy. Blood tests often reveal low HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) levels which are decreasing rather than increasing. Women who were aware that they were pregnant before the miscarriage should be monitored to ensure their hCG levels go down to pre-pregnancy levels. There is the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy, so it is necessary to ensure that a full miscarriage has occurred (all the fetal tissue is expelled), even if the woman has had a period.
One Chemical Pregnancy is often considered a common occurrence but if you have has recurrent Chemical pregnancies, it is a good idea to consult a doctor to find out the underlying problems. Some of these issues can be diagnosed & corrected easily. Others may need extensive treatment.
Reasons for Chemical Pregnancies
- Chromosomal Abnormalities in the developing Embryo
- Inadequate Uterine Lining which fails to support implantation and growth
- Uterine Abnormalities like Fibroids, Polyps
- Luteal Phase Defects like short luteal phase
- Infections like Chlamydia, Cytomegalo virus, Genital herpes, Syphilis, Toxoplasmosis, and Rubella
- Abnormal uterine anatomy like unicornate uterus or septate uterus
- Untreated Thyroid Abnormalities
- Low Progesterone
- Poor Ovulation
- Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
- Clotting disorders & Immune Issues
- Untreated Diabetes
Some Treatments for Chemical Pregnancies
- Vitamin B6
- Baby Aspirin
- Extra Folic Acid
- Progesterone Supplements
- HCG Shots for sustaining the pregnancy
- Estrogen Supplements to help the Uterine Lining
- Fertility Drugs like Clomid, Letrozole (Femara) to correct underlying Ovulation disorders
- Thyroid Medications